and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation--The apostle here opposes both Stoical Fate and Epicurean Chance, ascribing the periods and localities in which men and nations flourish to the sovereign will and prearrangements of a living God. 31. 4. consorted--cast in their lot. 18-21. certain . They meant it doubtless in a pantheistic sense; but the truth which it expresses the apostle turns to his own purpose--to teach a pure, personal, spiritual Theism. That they should seek the Lord--That is the high end of all these arrangements of Divine Power, Wisdom, and Love. . How shamefully inexcusable then are the Greek and Roman churches in paganizing the worship of the Christian Church by the encouragement of pictures and images in religious service! Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ. AT THESSALONICA THE SUCCESS OF PAUL'S PREACHING ENDANGERING HIS LIFE, HE IS DESPATCHED BY NIGHT TO BEREA, WHERE HIS MESSAGE MEETS WITH ENLIGHTENED ACCEPTANCE--A HOSTILE MOVEMENT FROM THESSALONICA OCCASIONS HIS SUDDEN DEPARTURE FROM BEREA--HE ARRIVES AT ATHENS. They looked on this as very different from the knowledge for many ages taught and professed at Athens; they desire to know more of it, but only because it was new and strange. Time is precious, and we are concerned to employ it well, because eternity depends upon it, but much is wasted in unprofitable conversation. 22. 30. the times of this ignorance God winked at--literally (and far better), "overlooked," that is, bore with, without interposing to punish it, otherwise than suffering the debasing tendency of such worship to develop itself (compare Acts 14:16 , and but now--that a new light was risen upon the world. 11. of the Epicureans--a well-known school of atheistic materialists, who taught that pleasure was the chief end of human existence; a principle which the more rational interpreted in a refined sense, while the sensual explained it in its coarser meaning. Acts 17. 21. all the Athenians . They probably, like Felix, feared to hear more, lest they should be constrained to believe unwelcome truths" ( Acts 24:25 ; and compare Matthew 13:15 ) [WEBSTER and WILKINSON]. there is another king, one. (32-34). 6. "Certainly the number of converts there and of men fit for office in the Church was not so great that there could be much choice" [OLSHAUSEN]. But those who scorn, will have to bear the consequences, and the word will never be useless. (16-21) He preaches there. seeing he is Lord--or Sovereign. him declare--announce. sent away Paul--as before from Jerusalem ( Acts 9:30 ), and from Thessalonica ( Acts 17:10 ). . To dissipate this, the apostle sets out with a sharp statement of the fact of creation as the central principle of all true religion--not less needed now, against the transcendental idealism of our day. giveth to all life, and breath, and all things--The Giver of all cannot surely be dependent for aught upon the receivers of all ( 1 Chronicles 29:14 ). Acts 16. The apostle, however, was not here on his trial, but to expound more fully what he had thrown out in broken conversations in the Agora. Acts 1:8 Commentary; Acts 20:17-27 Commentary; Acts 20:28-38 Commentary; JOSEPH A ALEXANDER Acts Commentary (1857, 1866) (Over 1000 pages!) (10-15) Paul at Athens. 12. saying . IN THESSALONICA (Acts 17:1-9) 17:1-9 When they had taken the road through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica where there was a synagogue of the Jews. They asked about Paul's doctrine, not because it was good, but because it was new.

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