Taxodium distichum is a large, slow-growing, and long-lived tree.It typically grows to heights of 35–120 feet (10–40 m) and has a trunk diameter of 3–6 feet (0.9–1.8 m).. Bald cypress is one of the few conifers that is deciduous, dropping its leaves in the fall. In 1963, it was named Louisiana’s state tree. This site was last updated on November 19, 2020. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. The wood of the Bald Cypress is also strong and heavy making it great for outdoor construction as it is resistant to shrinkage, rotting and termites. Bald Cypress have moderate water requirements, and a moderate tolerance for salt and alkali soils. The Bald Cypress is a very interesting and unique tree. Green Whisper® bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum ‘JFS-SGPN’) has very bright green foliage. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. The fruit should be allowed to dry and then broken apart. The bald cypress is so named due to its uncommon “baldness” (or bare looking branches) as a gymnosperm. The resin in the cones on the Bald Cypress were also used as a healing balm for various aliments, especially rashes on the skin and wounds. Bald cypresses are well-adapted to wet conditions along riverbanks and swamps. Timber isn’t the only thing the bald cypress was used for. Try to avoid getting the sticky resin on yourself, your clothes, or work space because it is very difficult to get off. Timber isn’t the only thing the bald cypress was used for. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859 (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Following stratification, sow seeds in a nursery container to produce a seedling or sow them in a plastic container in the classroom to observe germination. It has structures developed from its roots called “knees”- they grow out of the water in order to perform gas exchange, which helps the tree survive in the marshes. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Seed dormancy: Bald cypress has physiological dormancy. Seed germination: Stratify seeds using moist chilling for 60 days to satisfy physiological dormancy. Bald cypress is a large, slow-growing but long-lived, deciduous conifer, which frequently reaches 100 to 120 feet in height and 3 to 6 feet in diameter. Although it looks like a needled evergreen (same family as redwoods) in summer, it is deciduous ("bald" as the common name suggests). Flower—Taxodium distichum: baldcypress It is found typically throughout the southeastern United States, and is surprisingly widespread throughout the Everglades of Florida and other swampy areas. Seed collection: Bald cypress fruit is a round cone. The scales are thick and irregular. The wood of the Bald Cypress is also strong and heavy making it great for outdoor construction as it is resistant to shrinkage, rotting and termites. The Bald Cypress is a very interesting and unique tree. Taxodium distichum, commonly called bald cypress, is a long-lived, pyramidal conifer (cone-bearing tree) which grows 50-70' tall (less frequently to 125'). The wood of the bald cypress is fairly durable and has many uses in outdoor construction. The bald cypress is the only member of its family that is native to North America- in fact, according to Yahoo!Encyclopedia.com, the redwood and the bald cypress are the only two trees native to this continent. Site design : Academic Web Pages. The seeds are difficult to completely separate from the resinous fruit part and they can be sown together. The seeds are difficult to completely separate from the resinous fruit part and they can be sown together. Seed collection: Bald cypress fruit is a round cone. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Harvest the fruit in fall before they open. It is native to southern swamps, bayous and rivers, primarily being found in coastal areas from Maryland to Texas and in the … Fruit: Fruit Color: Brown/Copper Green Purple/Lavender Display/Harvest Time: Fall Fruit Length: 1-3 inches Fruit Width: 1-3 inches Fruit Description: No fruits, cones on the bald cypress are round, wrinkled, 1 inch in diameter, and purplish-green that matures to brown. Bald cypress (also spelled baldcypress) is a conifer native to much of the United States.
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