There are productive, reliable people and there are people who are useless. In translation, the focus, however, is usually more on "evil" as opposed to their less judgmental and more common meanings. of a bad nature; not such as it ought to be, troublesome, injurious, pernicious, destructive, baneful. kakos: bad, evil. The word is used in the nominative case in Mt. It is a word the Christ uses very rarely, but he does use it (Matthew 6:34). The root form is the one that is often used to form compound words. κακό noun. toilsome, bad. A very different prayerbook: Christ's Words in Matthew as a Guide to 40 Days of Prayer . kakó ill, wrong, mischief, maleficence, malefaction. So, when Jesus says something is poneros, he is not saying that it is malicious, corrupt, or rotten. This fits well with the concept that is mistakenly translated as "sin," which we will discuss in the next section. In Greek, he asks the Father to keep them from "worthlessness" or "being second-rate.". This changes the meaning from the way the Gospel is normally read, especially since the word's "oppressed by toil" meaning often fits better than its "worthless" meaning. It is the negative, female form of the masculine word, nomos, which means "anything assigned", "a usage", "custom", "law", "ordinance," or "that which is a habitual practice." This makes a significant difference in understanding what Christ teaches. More Greek words for evil. Christ's words in the Greek never give this impression. Another similar concept is sapros. There are two different words commonly translated as "good" in Christ's words, kalos and agathos . Thus, from my studies, I concluded, "Kakos" is an evil one can become, where as "Poneros" is an evil one already is. So Christ was less of a moralizer than a pragmatic teacher. Both are more specific in the quality that they describe. a. Elpis b. Katarino c. Egkainia d. Poneros. It means "badness in quality", "incapacity", "defects", "cowardice", "faint-heartedness", "moral badness", "vice", "ill-repute", "dishonor", "hurt", "damage done or suffered," “wicked,” “slanderous,” and “cowardly.”, Another Greek word used by Jesus is also related to these ideas. The Greek term that is almost always translated as “evil” or “wicked” is poneros, which means “oppressed by toil,” “burdened,” and “worthless.” Of things, it means “toilsome,” “painful,” and “grievous.” In a moral sense, “worthless,” “base,” and “cowardly.” Notice that there is not sense of malevolence in these ideas. In most situations, the best translation for poneros is "worthless" though "burdened by toils" works better in some contexts. This usuallydenotes a title in the Greek. an evil plot to brainwash and even kill innocent people 1866, Elizabeth Gaskell, Wives and Daughters, Chapter 47,[1] For a good while the Miss Brownings were kept in ignorance of the evil tongues that whispered hard words about Molly. kakó. For example, in the Lord’s Prayer, we pray to “deliver us from evil.” However, what Christ said was, "Deliver us from what is worthless." The word translated as "devil" (diabolos) is the simplest term here and it is used the least frequently. The most common Greek word translated as "good" is kalos. Despite the alliterative ease of contrasting kalos, the fine quality goodness, with kakos, the more accurate Greek word for evil, we just don’t see that form in Christ's words. 6:13. Christ use of the term "satan" is untranslated Aramaic meaning "adversary" or "opposition". However, we instantly get closer to his teaching if we simply change the "evil spirits" to "worthless spirits." The other Greek word translated as "good" is agathos. It means “beautiful,” “of fine quality,” “noble,” and “virtuous.” This word appears about three times more often than the other word, agathos, translated as "good.". evil. Agathos is closer to our concept of "correct" and "useful." It appears  only in Jesus's words in Matthew 6:34. However, a more accurate reading would be “You, being oppressed by toil, know how to give good gifts to your children…etc.” Christ isn’t condemning our moral nature as much as recognizing our burdens and limitations. Agathos, when applied to things, means “good” in the sense of “sound,” “serviceable,”“useful,”beneficial," and “correct.” When applied to people, it primarily “well-born,” “gentle,” “brave,” “capable,” and "correct.” Agathos is not used to describe good things except to refer to good deeds (as is kalos ) and good people (’the good”). This word is used in the many verses to describe both good acts and good things (Matthew 3:10 Matthew 7:17“good fruit,” Matthew 5:16 “good works,” Matthew 5:44 “do good,” Matthew 12:33 “good tree,” Matthew 13:8 “good ground,” Matthew 13:24, “good seed,” Matthew 17:4 “good for us,” Matthew 26:24 “good for that man”). Each Ancient Greek word is shown in its citation form and in its root form. What is the Greek word for Evil? The word is used in the nominative case in Mt. Another pair of related words that mean "evil" or "bad" are kakos and kakia. Some biblical translation have even changed the word meaning "focused" to "good" so that this makes more sense, but, the word used, which means "single" or "to make single", doesn't mean anything like "good" and isn't translated that way anywhere else in Greek (including the KJV). That Greek word means “corrupt” or “rotten,” but again, it is one that Jesus rarely uses but specifically to refer to what we produce, not people themselves. The citation form is the one commonly shown in dictionaries. For more on this topic, see this article. However, in the KJV, this is usually translated as "the law" referring to the law of Moses. Jesus often contrasts agathos with poneros. The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x). Intending to harm; malevolent. In the case of poneros, it gets translated as "the evil one," as in many translations of John 17:15 where he asks the Father to keep the apostles from "the evil one." Outline of Biblical Usage [?] As with agathos, it is contrasted with poneros. For example, in Matthew 7:11, Christ says: “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children..etc.” This sounds like a condemnation of humanity or at least his opponents as evil. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In other translations, it appears as "lawlessness." Hence Christ is saying, deliver usfrom "The Evil", and is probably referring to Satan. You are reporting a typo in the following text: a new article on the Greek word translated as "sin" that you can access here. in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad. This is not to suggest that Christ doesn't discuss satan, the demons, and what gets translated as "evil" spirits." The contrast here is less between good and evil, but between useful and worthless, well-born and oppressed, healthy and second-rate. Neither word means "good" in quite the same way as our English words. King James Word Usage - Total: 76: evil 51, wicked 10, wicked one 6, evil … This word means "good", "useful", "good of its kind," and "serviceable;" of persons, "good", "kindly;" "honest", "worthy," in war, "valiant", "true;" of the gods, "propitious", "merciful", "bestowing health or wealth;" of a man, "strong", "able in body for sexual intercourse;" when used as a now, "benefits", "kindnesses", "happy event", "prosperity," and "success. However, when appearing with words about acting this way, we also see "evil doers.". With a better understanding of the term Christ used for evil, the Gospels come across much less condemning of actions and people and much more sympathetic to the condition of humanity, where we constantly try things that are really useless for us. The Greek word for evil phonetic spelling is (pon-ay-ros').The real spelling is in Greek symbols that can't be duplicated on a keyboard. It is an adjective that means "bad", "mean", "base", "ugly", "ill-born", "evil", "worthless", "sorry", "pernicious," and "ill."  It is sometimes used as a noun, for example, in Luke 16:25, as "evil things." full of labours, annoyances, hardships pressed and harassed by labours Hence Christ is saying, deliver usfrom "The Evil", and is probably referring to Satan. When used as a noun, agathos is usually translated as "goods" in the NT, but in English there is no real connection between the moral concept of "good" and the property of "goods". A good example of how poneros really works can be seen in Matthew 6:23, "But if your eye is evil..." It doesn't make sense to call an eye that isn't working well as "evil", especially when contrasted in the previous verse ( Matthew 6:22) where the "good" eye is described as "focused".

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