of Assam. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Horticultural sector: major fruit crops: banana, pineapple, citruses. How long will it take to cook a 12 pound turkey? Plant diseases can be broadly classified according to the nature of their primary causal agent, as infectious (biotic) or non-infectious (abiotic). Details of the completed and ongoing projects can be obtained. Assam also accounts for fair share of India's production of rice, rapeseed, mustard, jute, potato, sweet potato, banana, papaya, areca nut and turmeric. Fossil evidence indicates that plants were affected by disease 250 million years ago. After attaining independence in 1947, major This interference with one or more of a plant’s essential physiological or biochemical systems elicits characteristic pathological conditions or symptoms. There are several diseases that are of complex etiology and therefore proper disease diagnosis is essential to achieve enduring adequate plant health. Of-late , the trend is even towards growing more than two crops (multiple cropping) in a year. of Assam, A special drive for combating natural calamity and epidemic, National e-Governance Plan Agriculture (NeGP-A), National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), National Mission on Agriculture Extension Technology (NMAET), National Mission on Oil Seeds & Oil Palm (NMOOP), Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY), Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF), Chief Minister Samagra Gramya Unnayan Yojana (CMSGUY). Horticultural Crops. Assam has a wide variety of climate and soils on which a large number of horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, spices, potato and other tropical tuber crops, mushroom, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic plants, plantation crops, cashew and betel vine are grown. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. vegetables and fruits produce in Assam. The state of Assam experiences plenty of rainfall and possess a fertile land which is extremely advantageous for cropping. Rapeseed and mustard, and tea are the next most important crops… Papaya, Sweet potato, Onion, Orange, Banana and Pineapple, where area and production are finally approved by the State Committee on Agriculture Statistics (SCAS). Even, the land is world-famous for this green grain. Moreover Assam produce 60 PC of total tea produce in India. Assam produces both food and cash crops. Organisms responsible for infectious diseases include fungi, algae, prokaryotes (bacteria, mycoplasma like organisms and Rickettsia like organisms), viruses and viroids as well as phenerogamic (angiosperms) parasites, nematodes and even protozoa. The land may be occupied by one crop (mono cropping), or by two crops (double cropping), which may be grown in a year in a sequence. Designed & Developed byNational Informatics Centre (NIC), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration Department,Govt. Moreover Assam produce 60 Non-infectious plant diseases are caused by unfavourable extraneous conditions such as scorching sunlight, high temperature, moisture stress; excess or deficiency of micro-nutrients; heavy metal toxicity; atmospheric pollution; acid rain etc. In Assam, Area and Land use Statistics are built up on the basis of the Land Records maintained by the Revenue Agencies. Tea is the main commercial crop of this state. Major tuber crops grown Potato, Sweet Potato and Tapioca, among Spices – Chilli, Turmeric, Ginger, Onion, Coriander, Garlic, Black pepper with different types of Rabi and Kharif Vegetables are grown in Assam. The principal food crops produced in the state are rice (paddy), maize (corn), pulses, potato, wheat, etc., while the principal cash crops are tea, jute, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, and tobacco. How long does it take to cook a 23 pound turkey in an oven? Cropping activities of all the above crops go on all round the year in our state provided water is available for crops. The main state of valuable commercial crops. In fact, all plants are vulnerable to attack by disease. A healthy plant carries out its normal physiological functions such as cell division, differentiation and development, absorption of water and nutrients from soil and their transport to other parts, photosynthesis and translocation of photosynthetic to areas of utilization or storage, metabolism of synthesized compounds reproduction and storage of food supplies for overwintering or reproduction. In northern India, there are two distinct seasons : The crops grown between March to June are known as Zaid crops. Food grain sector: paddy, oil seeds, pulses and maize which are the major crops grown in Assam. The social condition, pattern of topography, available rainfall and climatic condition are more or less agriculture friendly in Assam for which a good number of food and non food crops including paddy out of as many as 38 main crops grown and systematically cultivated in the state. But, a plant becomes diseased when it is continuously disturbed by some casual agent inducing an abnormal physiological process that disrupts the plant’s normal structure, growth, function, or other activities. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The Bible and other early writings mention diseases, such as rusts, mildews, blights, and blast that have caused famine and other drastic changes in the economy of nations since the dawn of recorded history. Who of the proclaimers was married to a little person? Rice is the most important crop in Assam with a fairly stable share in the total cultivated area. Crops may be divided into two major categories-. Crops are grown sole (mono cropping) or mixed ( mixed cropping), or in a definite sequence( rotational cropping). Rice is the predominant crop in the state along with some other important crops like pulses, jute, tea, sugarcane, potato, cotton, oil seeds, fruits crops, coconut, arecanut etc. Nutrient deficiency can induce vulnerability to infection by other pathogen or a plant infected by one pathogen may become prone to secondary pathogens. Rice is the most important crop in Assam with a fairly stable share in the total cultivated area. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. Production, Price and Value of some major horticulture crops in Assam from 2003-04 to 2012-2013 to assess the contribution of these 16 major horticulture crops towards Gross State Domestic Product in Assam which has not yet been carried out separately. Assam excepting six crops viz. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. Crop | Directorate of Agriculture | Government Of Assam, India. Rapeseed and mustard, and tea are the next most important crops, again with fairly stable shares. Is evaporated milk the same thing as condensed milk? Crops may be divided into two major categories-. which are mostly subsistence crops. Agricultural Crops. Find information about Projects. From these records , the relative abundance of a crop or group of crops in a region can be calculated. Food grain sector: paddy, oil seeds, pulses and maize which are the major crops grown in Assam.

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